大批医学生找网络“枪手”代写论文,英国医疗

阅读:802019-10-08

  Doctors cheating scandal: Thousands of NHS student medics pay other academics to write their university essays, MailOnline investigation reveals

  医生作弊丑闻:《每日邮报》的一项调查显示,英国国家医疗服务体系的数千名医学生付钱给其他学者,让他们代写大学论文

  来源:每日邮报 翻译:世界播

  Thousands of student doctors and nurses are paying other academics to write their university essays, a MailOnline investigation reveals.

  英国《每日邮报》的一项调查显示,数千名医学生和实习护士正在付钱给其他学者,让他们代写大学论文。

  Hundreds of shadowy websites peddle essays on all topics from asthma to cancer, allowing student medics to avoid writing essays themselves.

  数百个地下网站兜售从哮喘到癌症等各种主题的论文,让医学生可以免于自己写论文。

  Dr Thomas Lancaster of Imperial College London said that this calls into question the integrity of NHS staff and raises concerns about other forms of malpractice.

  伦敦帝国理工学院的托马斯·兰卡斯特博士说,这使得英国国家医疗服务体系(NHS)工作人员的诚信面临质疑,并引发人们对其他形式渎职行为的担忧。

  'The real danger is that doctors who have cheated go on to other forms of unscrupulous behaviour,' he said. 'They are developing a lack of integrity while at university.

  他说:“真正的危险在于,行骗的武汉代孕医生会继续从事其他形式的不道德行为。他们在大学期间就缺乏诚信。”

  'The public would be outraged to know that the doctors responsible for their care are cheats.'

  “如果公众知道负责治疗的武汉代孕医生是骗子,他们会感到愤怒。”

  It comes after a major MailOnline investigation in Kenya exposed the inner workings of the murky essay writing industry, which is estimated to be worth £100 million.

  此前,《每日邮报》在肯尼亚进行了一项大型调查,揭露了这个价值约1亿英镑的论文写作地下行业的内部运作。

  

  In a further development, a reporter approached four different essay factories posing as a student doctor, and was offered a cheating service every time.

  在后续中,一位记者以医学生的身份接触了四家不同的论文工厂,每家都提供了作弊服务。

  The firms – Kenyan-based Amexwrite, Ukrainian Custom Writings, Academic Assignments in India and Write My Essay Today – responded instantly to enquiries via online messenger.

  这些公司包括总部位于肯尼亚的“Amexwrite”、“乌克兰定制写作”、印度的“学术作业”以及“今天写我的论文”,通过在线通讯即时回复了咨询。

  

  When asked to provide a complete medical essay that was ready for submission, a representative for Write My Essay Today responded: 'certainly, that is what we focus on'.

  当被要求提供一篇准备提交的完整医学论文时,“今天写我的论文”网站的代理人回答说:“当然,这就是我们的重点。”

  The other companies gave similar responses. Amexwrite claimed to have 'experts even on medical field', while Academic Assignments said 'there is no catch' and it was impossible for students to get caught.

  其他公司也给出了类似的回应。“Amexwrite”声称“甚至有在医学领域的武汉代孕专家”,而“学术作业”则称“不会被发现”,学生不可能被抓住。

  

  Amexwrite is run by Kenyan millionaire James Waitutu Karuri, 36, who became rich on the profits of cheating, MailOnline has learnt.

  据《每日邮报》了解,“Amexwrite”是由36岁的肯尼亚百万富翁詹姆斯·韦图图·卡鲁里经营的,他靠这个作弊行业发财。

  

  Last week, we revealed that Kenya is the heart of the industry, with thousands of freelance writers producing coursework for British students.

  上周,我们披露了肯尼亚是这个行业的心脏,成千上万的自由写手为英国学生代写课程作业。

  When confronted in Nairobi, Mr Karuri claimed that his business had stopped offering the service in 2018 to pursue more legitimate lines of business.

  卡鲁里在内罗毕接受采访时表示,他的公司已于2018年停止提供这项服务,以追求更合法的业务。

  But essay writing is still advertised on his website, and two of his sales representatives confirmed that they did provide this service for trainee medics.

  但他的网站上仍然有代写论文的广告,他的两名销售代表证实,他们确实为实习医生提供这项服务。

大批医学生找网络“枪手”代写论文,英国医疗

  Lord Michael Storey, the Liberal Democrat spokesman on education, families and young people in the House of Lords, said: 'I have very grave concerns, particularly when students cheat their way into jobs that have a lot of responsibility. It is astonishing that doctors and engineers cheated to get their qualifications.

  英国上议院负责教育、家庭和年轻人事务的自由民主党发言人迈克尔?斯托里勋爵表示:“我严重担忧,尤其是当学生们通过作弊获得肩负很多责任的工作时。武汉代孕医生和工程师为了拿到学历而作弊,这是令人震惊的。”

  'There is a real danger to the public. The answer isn't to criminalise the students, but we need to stop those firms from preying upon stressed and vulnerable young people.'

  “公众面临着切实的危险。解决办法不是要将学生定罪,但我们需要阻止这些公司对压力大、易受伤害的年轻人下手。”

  Dr Lancaster said that there was a particular risk to the NHS from doctors who qualified in countries where essay purchasing is even more widespread than in Britain.

  兰卡斯特博士说,如果武汉代孕医生是在论文采购现象比英国更普遍的国家拿到了学历,那对NHS的危害尤其大。

  'There is certainly a risk among doctors who qualify outside the UK,' he said. 'In India, for example, buying essays is a big thing. If people qualify abroad and buy essays, then practise in the UK, there is obviously a risk there.'

  他说:“在英国以外拿到学历的武汉代孕医生中肯定存在风险。例如,在印度,购买论文的现象十分严重。如果人们在国外通过购买论文取得学历,然后在英国执业,那么显然在英国存在风险。”

  Students often see purchasing essays as a convenient way to free up time to focus on the most challenging parts of their studies, he added.

  他补充说,学生们通常认为购买论文是一种方便的方式,可以腾出时间专注于学习中最具挑战性的部分。

  'Of course, student doctors need to do practical work as well as write essays,' he said, ‘and they are really judged on their exams. It isn't like they are buying their entire degree.

  他说:“当然,医学生除了写论文外,还需要做一些实践任务,而且他们的表现确实会受到考试的评判。购买论文并不意味买下了整个学位。”

  'But they are on a very pressurised course. From their point of view, essay factories allow them to prioritise certain parts and outsource others.

  “但他们面临着非常大的压力。从他们的角度来看,论文工厂允许他们优先考虑更重要的部分,并将其他部分外包出去。”

  'For example, some concentrate on exam preparation and pay someone else to do the essays. The problem is that they are not studying the whole course properly.

  “比如,有些人专注于备考,所以花钱请别人代写论文。但问题是他们没有正确地学习整个课程。”

  'Essays are there for a reason. There is no doubt that cheating may lead to other lapses of integrity.'

  “论文的存在是有意义的。毫无疑问,作弊可能会导致其他诚信缺失。”

  When contacted by MailOnline, most of the essay factories failed to respond. But a spokesman for India-based Academic Assignments said: 'The purpose of our live chat agent is to generate database by asking the visitors to send email on any ground. Post which we offer tutoring and mentoring service.

  《每日邮报》联系到的大多数论文工厂都没有回复。不过印度“学术任务”的发言人说:“我们的实时聊天代理的目的是通过让访问者随时随地发送电子邮件来生成数据库。我们只提供辅导服务。”

  'Also we build database to sell it at a price. However we do not take essay order for any university submission. '

  “此外,我们还建立了数据库,以便以一定的价格出售。不过,我们不接受任何提交给大学的论文订单。”

  The NHS, General Medical Council, British Medical Association, Medical Schools Council, Royal College of Physicians, Academy of Medical Royal Colleges, Royal College of Nursing and Health Education England all declined to comment.

  英国国民医疗服务体系、英国医学协会、英国医学会、医学院理事会、皇家内科医学院、英国皇家医学院学会、英国皇家护理学院与健康教育英格兰均拒绝置评。


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